Archaeological Sites in the Red Soil Area,
Kampong Cham Province and Vietnam (click to enlarge 550kB)
In 1959, Louis
Malleret described circular earthworks with outer
walls and inner ditches as a new category of prehistoric sites in Cambodia. He listed 17 earthworks of this type in the
region east of the Mekong in the Kampong Cham Province and adjacent Vietnam. In 1962, Bernard Philippe Groslier excavated
circular earthwork near Memot, later called Groslier site, and named
Research on these earthwork sites resumed only
in 1996, with an
examination of later named Krek 52/62 site by Yasushi Kojo and students of the Royal
of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh (RUFA). More intensive
fieldwork started at the end of 1996 at the same site and continued to
Surveys and soundings of other sites in the Krek and Memot districts
undertaken. Within the framework of a long-term training program in
archaeology at the Royal University of Fine Arts, Phnom Penh, conducted by the German Academic Exchange
many seasons were spent at the site surveying, mapping, and excavating.
work is being continued by the Memot Centre for Archaeology.
During the fieldwork, many new sites were
identified. Already 36 of the huge prehistoric villages are known in
soil area of Cambodia and the number is increasing every year.
What is a Circular Earthwork?